The crusades

WHAT WERE THEY? WHY THEY STARTED?

In the year 1095, Alexius I asked of the pope to help send mercenaries, to help the Byzantines in the east, to resist the advances of Muslim Turk armies into the territories. It apparently seemed that he was trying to encourage the liberation ofJerusalemfrom the domination of the Muslims, who had ruled it since 638 A.D. The reply to the request from the Pope was so great, large numbers of Franks, both common and noble, travelled to the East in several waves, and retakingJerusalemin 1099.

DESCRIBE THE SUCCESSES AND FAILURES.

The crusaders had had a successful job of recapturingJerusalem, but however it was not long until it was the Muslims conquered it again less then 50 years after it was recaptured. Another failure they had was the divided leadership; there were multiple men that wanted to be the only leader of the crusade.

WHEN, AND WHY THEY STOPPED.

The crusades ended because the fact that people started to lose interest in fighting for the ‘Holy Land.’ They men that fought were starting to focus on their other duties in life and less on the crusade. The crusades also stopped because of the inability to sustain power for a long time in the areas they tried recapturing. The last crusade, which was the ninth, ended in 1272.

WHAT DID THEY WEAR?

The crusaders wore a white cloth with a red cross on it. The Red Cross represented that the crusader was a follower of Christ. The crusader wore a chainmail underneath the white cloth. They had a can shaped helmet which covered the whole head, a sword, a spur, and a shield. But the armour was not very effective as it was heavy and it was very hot to wear in the hot temperatures.

WHAT DID THEY DO AND WHY?

The crusades fought to recaptureJerusalemfrom Muslim power, and also to aid the Byzantine Emperors in the area. People took part in the crusades also to look for adventure, get away from their normal life or job back at home, and also fight in it as it was ‘God’s will’ as the Pope had said at the time.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crusades

http://historymedren.about.com/od/crusades/p/crusadesbasics.htm

http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/end-of-medieval-crusades.htm

Here is my closest creation to a crusader. 🙂

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One Comment on “The crusades”

  1. swoonie says:

    Your figure of the Crusader is wonderful! Your post contains excellent information with some typing mistakes.