The lasting effects of the CrusadesPosted: June 11, 2012
What lasting effects did the crusades have? Rachel G
The crusades had greatly effected these important areas: The medieval society, The structure, the trade and the political system (and these are only a few points.) The political system was changed from Feudalism to Monarchy in Europe. This changed the Manorial system (when the manors didn’t trade), to everyone trading around Europe. There was also a very big change in Europe. The crusades had effected their society structure, because there was a new class, the middle class.
The Kings who were leading the crusades were also gaining more power. Then instead of the peasants serving their lords for protection, they would give their service to the king for protection. This was when the Feudal system was beginning to weaken. The king also began to bring in taxes and become bigger by joining to other countries. He also gave his word to his people that he would protect them by keeping thieves and thugs off the trading routes.
The serfs who were at the bottom fo society fled or was able to buy their freedom. You were not able to change class’s before the crusades. If you were a very rich peasant you would not change. What ever you were born you would die as they were very strict on the structure of society. The crusades had changed that though, now they were able to make a new class which was the middle class, and this class was the biggest of them all. This was were the serfs or the peasants would go to have a better life. That ment that the peasants and serfs didn’t work all day. They were able to trade and produce money. Now the serfs don’t exist anymore and there are still the three classes in Europe.
The role of the Catholic Church in this time
The Catholic Church had been involved with the Crusades from the very beginning. They were asked by the Byzantine emperor to help get rid of the Turkish Muslims because they had taken over Jerusalem.
The Catholic Church had supported the crusades from the very beginning. The Church tried everything in its power to convert everyone to Christianity. Then those who disagreed were killed.
The Crusades also helped the Church gain power and become very wealthy. The people became very enthusiastic because of the Churches wealth. They were also very religious. Whatever the Church said, went, and there were no arguments about that.
Was anyone benefited from the Crusades?
Many people were benefited because in this time they weren’t all fighting; they were also trading with each other. Western Europe did pretty well and so did the Muslims. They were trading for a while and got quite a bit. They were trading all kinds of materials like: foods products, house hold goods, furniture and many new ideas like games and clever inventions.
Europe was the one who benefited the most from the crusades. For the first crusade Europe was able to successfully reach their military aim and were able to learn many skills from the countries of the East, and brought them back to Europe. They had also improve their language and mathematics, and grew stronger in their medicine field, their hygiene and building structures. They also became smarter with their trading skills, they were bringing more materials in from other countries. They had different types of: new foods; new materials like silk and velvet; Jewellery; cotton; and even glass brought to their country. They were building better ships and finding new routes to India and China because the Muslims had control over the Holy Land. Since they had to find new routes, they learnt to read maps, navigate and use compasses.
Through this time period the Europeans had gained so much knowledge and was able to become so much stronger as a country.
The effects on the Women and Children
When all the men would go out to battle this would have left many families distressed. While the fathers, sons and husbands were at war they women would have done all the house hold chores, taken care of the taxes, looked after the children and look after the land.
The children would have had to help their mothers too. They would have grown up without a father and would not know if they were even coming back. This must have haunted them the whole time they were away. The men would go away for about 10 years and many wouldn’t come back. For the 2nd and 3rd crusade about 500,000 on estimate died, and the pain they would have gone through would have been horrible.
Some women actually came along to accompany their husbands, but they were not able to be apart of the crusade, neither were children. Through the crusades though there were many women and children who died, which were apart of the thousands of men who also had died.
Did the crusades achieve their goal?
No, the crusades did not reach the goal they were intended to reach. The main point of the crusades, was to take back the Holy Land from the Turkish Muslims who controlled the land, and then at the same time convert them to Christianity. Then eventually wipe out the Muslim race.
None of this happened though the only thing that only happened was that many countries became stronger as a country. At the end of the day though, the crusades had not achieved their goal. They didn’t wipe out the Muslim race and gain control over the Holy Land either. They were able to convert some people to Christ, but then also lost many in war.
In some areas the Crusades didn’t do what they were ment to achieve, but in a way did changed the world around them.
This diorama shows events that were effected by the crusades.This has the church, because it became apart of the crusades from the very first one and encouraged the crusades. It has two traders trading silk and food, because in this time the amount of trading increased. The mother and daughter taking care of the land because the men are away fighting. There is also a soldier holding a bow and arrow. The bow and arrow would have likely been used as a weapon in battle and they would have had lots of armor on.