100 Years WarPosted: June 12, 2012
How did the conflict affect both England and France?
During the 100 years of war France had been really badly damaged during the fighting. This was mainly caused by armies coming to raid and the opposition ruler calling in raids while killing innocent civilians. In these raids they often went around burning builds, killings civilians, stealing crops, and robbing any kind of riches they found. Routiers were frequent, whenever there was a truce between the English and French, their soldiers would raid country sides and villages. The constant output of war affected England as most men were out fighting not in the farms preparing the harvest. Armies were expensive and it was even more expensive for England to ship men across the channel. While in battle England had more strategic tactics and by constantly raiding France English soldiers had much more wealth and on the other hand French men didn’t have as much wealth as the English men.
What were the consequences of war between England and France?
The hundred year’s war was fought on land mainly and on the farms. Since many farms were destroyed they had loss of resources. Also when they had raids on each country lots of building and resources were destroyed, If they wanted to rebuild a building they would have the think about the possibility of the enemy coming back to raid and destroy the exact same building again. The taxes in France and England were insanely raised due to the war expenses, and in doing so the citizens of both countries were furious. When the 100 years war ended in 1453 there was no peace treaty or settlement. The French remained prepared in case the English will come back and attack. The English didn’t stop claiming the French throne and they didn’t stop invading because they had lost their country, but Henry VI( English King) had gone really angry and noble factions fell out of the past and the future policy.
What weapons were used in the 100 years war?
During the 100 years war the most famous weapon was called the Welsh (English longbow). It was much more accurate than a normal crossbow but however it needed skill to master unlike the crossbow. The Welsh was a weapon which took years to master or potentially a life time. A main requirement to operate this weapon was you would need to be a very strong person to use this weapon because tension rates were around 100 pounds to fire. Since the arrows fired from this weapon could penetrate plate armor, they could often charge before they reached the enemy lines. The French mainly use crossbows during this time period. The crossbow was cheap to make and had a slow action to reload and lacked the damage dealt. If you left your bow outside rain could easily penetrate it and damage it. This weapon didn’t require the skill to master as the Welsh. Also during the 100 years war Gunpowder, firearms and cannons were introduced in 1375. During the Battle of Castilion, artillery was introduced and this was the first battle in European history of them using artillery.
How the war and society were were affected during
The consequences because of new weapons meant that most nobles didn’t want to go to war anymore, they would often asked peasants and arm them with longbows and firearms and send them to war. Peasants could now earn rewards and become wealthy like the nobles. The composition of armies changed from feudal lords to paid mercenaries. England and France both were able to raise enough money through expensive taxation to create their armies. Standing armies were loyal to the king which made the king extremely powerful., they also defended their kingdoms from invaders while also protecting their king from internal injuries/ threats while keeping the population in check. In general standing armies were very useful for the king and kept most things running in place.
The Battle of Agincourt
My diorama is a representation of the battle of Agincourt which occurred on October 25th 1415 during the 100 years war. This was a battle between English and the French. The 2 armies clashed in a farm (northern France). The English had a force of 7000-9000 men and the French 8000-10000 men. This battle ended in France with a English victory. 8000 Frenchmen were slaughtered in this battle including, many most of France’s senior nobles. England on the other hand only lost a couple of 100 men. The Duke of York and The Earl of Suffolk also were slaughtered. After England’s massive victory King Henry later returned back to England for the celebrations of their win in the battle of Agincourt. Later when the French King Charles heard about their defeat he was furious. The English archers banded their bows and started to join their fellow knights to have a hand to hand combat with the French cavalry. The French weren’t expecting the English archers to join the knights so the English flanked them from around. French soldiers fought hard but the English soldiers overwhelmed them and could easily pick them off. After only 2 hours of battle it was clear that Englishmen had won.
Humanities alive(History Textbook)