The crusades- by austin

How many crusades were there?

there crusaders were 9, the first 4  crusades were as import and scant reference is made to other crusades. crusades were batlling for a very long period of time.

Who were the Crusaders

The Crusades were a series of Holy Wars launched by the Christian states of Europe against the Saracens. The term ‘Saracen’ was the word used to describe a Moslem during the time of the Crusades. The Crusades   started in 1095 when Pope Claremont preached the First Crusade at the Council of Claremont. The Pope’s preaching led to thousands immediately affixing the cross to their garments – the name Crusade given to the Holy Wars came from old French word ‘crois’ meaning ‘cross’. The Crusades were great military expeditions undertaken by the Christian nations of Europe for the purpose of rescuing the holy places of Palestine from the hands of the Mohammedans. They were eight in number, the first four being sometimes called the Principal Crusades, and the remaining four the Minor Crusades. In addition there was a Children’s Crusade. There were several other expeditions  which were insignificant in numbers or results. For full details, facts and information about the crusades click one of the following links

What are the effects of the crusade?

The crusades effected the Europe in many ways. They helped the progress of civilization, earn wealth and power for the church

The first crusade:

The first crusade which was from 1095-1099, established a latin kingdom jerusalem, for providing more lands for the crusaders. crusades often travelled to europe

End of crusades?

The crusading movement came to an end by the close of the thirteenth century. The emperor Frederick II  for a short time recovered Jerusalem by a treaty, but in 1244 A.D. the Holy City became again a possession of the Moslems. They have never since relinquished it. Acre, the last Christian post in Syria, fell in 1291 A.D., and with this event the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem ceased to exist. The Hospitallers, or Knights of St. John, still kept possession of the important islands of Cyprus and Rhodes, which long served as a barrier to Moslem expansion over the Mediterranean.