The Manor – Larissa Teo 8A

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Picture one is a picture of the Manor House made of wood and has a watch tower at the top, I would have coloured the bottom in brown but I ran out of brown texta. Clearly it is much larger than the peasants houses and it is seperated from the peasants as well.

Picture two is a picture of the little peasants house all placed together because this is how they were placed back then in the middle ages, and a watch tower made of logs which is what they used to build houses and other buildings.

Full Description of my Diorama – As you can see there is a river, and on the left is the manor house which is of course bigger than the peasants houses which is shown on the right. And a watch tower made of wooden logs to keep an eye out for robbers and thieves that could go pass their gate which is around the border.

What is the Manor?

The manor was introduced by William the Conqueror. He divided bits of his land and gave them to his noble men and knights, who now became Lord of the Manor. The land they owned was mostly on valleys and hills and had space up to 1800 acres. In the manor we would’ve found a farming land, forests, common pasture land, a village, a mill, a church and a Manor House. The Manor House was built for the Lord of the Manor which was built separately to the peasants that worked under him.

What is the role of the Lord of the Manor?

The Lord of the Manor had many different jobs. One of them was to make sure everything was running smoothly on his Manor, make sure everyone was satisfied and had no complaints, and his serfs were working hard to maintain his farm lands. Another one was during battles he was expected to fight and bring along strong soldiers and men from his Manor. As a noble man he was to also protect his people living on his Manor and keep them from danger. If the Lord of the Manor was to be away his wife, the lady of the Manor, would take his place.

What were the buildings made of?

Most of the buildings built on the Manor used wood to construct their houses. They were not as fancy or as strong as the castles were, but the Manor Houses were the strongest buildings there. On the Manor gates and watch towers were placed around the border, so they could watch out for robbers or thieves.

How did the Manorial system start to decline?

At the end of the Crusades both the manorial system and feudalism started to decline. A disease known as the Black Death played a role in how the manorial system started to decline. The hygiene back then was terrible nobody knew what to do with their filthy rubbish so they threw it onto the streets, and let the rain wash it away. What they didn’t realise though that their filthy rubbish was attracting disgusting rats everywhere, and so the fleas on the rats had passed on to the humans which caused the Black Death disease. Because no doctor knew how to cure this disease people everywhere were dying rapidly which caused the prices of funerals to get higher, as well as food.

Also the serfs now began to see how important they really were, so they demanded better working conditions if they were to stay and help the Lord of the Manor. They soon got what they asked for and Europe changed to the monetary system. This now meant that the serfs could buy their own freedom from their Lords and run away or move out of the country away from the Black Death disease.

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