The Feudal System- Kayla Glewis 8A

What is the feudal system?

The feudal system was a way of government based between the lord or king and vassal. One promised loyalty and service in exchange for that person’s protection. This process was repeated over all of the social classes. Powerful lords gave fiefs to men who promised to them for the rest of their life. The men that had swear this oath became the lord’s vassals. A ceremony usually marked this contract. The ceremony include the vassal performed an act of homage by kneeling in front of the lord’s hand. He swore the oath of fearlessly promising to serve for the rest of his life. Then the lord kissed the vassal and lifted him to his feet. There were only a few nobles. Most people, about nine-tenths, of the population were serfs who worked the land for a noble. The serf was bound to the land. If the noble sold the land the serf went with it. This was just as bad as being a slave.  About half the serfs time was spent working for the lord. Jobs included working in the fields, cutting wood, hauling water, spinning and weaving, repairing buildings, and waiting on the members of the lord’s family. Peasant men were even expected to fight in times of war.

1st estate: The church (pope)

2nd estate: The Royal Family (King, Queen, Prince, Princess, etc.), The Noblemen and Knights

3rd estate: Merchants and Peasants

When the feudal system was introduced to England and how did that change the governance of the country.

The feudal system was introduced by William the conquer (when he conquer England.)By winning this battle (the battle of Hastings) he owned more land. With the extra land William was able to exchange the land for millarty uses and for the church uses. It changed the governance of the country because the first thing William did when he became king was to take away 80% of the land he ruled to noble, lords and bishops, in return of their personal services and loyalty. The feudal system divvied all of the social classes.

What did the peasants do with their services on the lord’s property?

Most of the peasants jobs were, working out on the lord’s fields harvesting, planting and cutting crops, ploughing, cutting wood. Mainly men would be found working on the farm doing the hard labour. Women however were married by the time they were 14. They belonged to the menfolk. They cooked, weaved, washed, cleaned and tend to animals and children.  As well as farming some of the serfs worked also as blacksmiths and carpenters. Some of blacksmiths jobs might include help mend bent metal, build houses and mil crops. Carpenters jobs include repair wooden objects, build buildings and carts.

Why were peasants consider very low in society?

Life on a manor was extremely hard for a peasant. It consisted of work and family life. Approximately ninety per cent of the people in the middle ages were considered to be peasants. There was a division of the peasants into free servants. The free peasants worked in their own independent businesses, usually as carpenters, blacksmiths, weavers, or bakers. They paid the lord a type of rent for using their small plots of land. The other, unfree peasants lived on the land without paying any money, but worked for the lord, earning their stay. They were considered low because they had very little money. Being rich and having power was everything in the middle ages and if you didn’t persest any of those things then you were considered nothing.


Google images

History books


   the feudal system

Description : a work farm on the lords land.

Shows crops growing and a wooden house.