Castles by Sarah Gunn 8A

Q1. Why were castles necessary?

Castles were necessary against attacks, and other forms of danger. Castles designs originated from military camps, and were made solely for defence, but over time that changed. Castles were necessary for the nobles to live in. They contained fireplaces for the winter, chandeliers, oriental rugs and tapestries; things that a king or noble would enjoy having in their house, and things they would make use of. A noble or a king was much more important than the peasants that worked their ground, so they built much nicer homes and put additional luxuries inside as result of being rich and having servants. Castles were necessary for defence against danger, and were rather nice to live in.


Q2. Why were castles given to more superior people?

Castles were never built for people such as peasants. They merely worked the ground of the owner of the land. They lived in run-down, wooden houses that weren’t very strong, warm, decent, or safe. They would have become quite stuffy a lot during the hot months, and cold would have escaped in during the colder months. Nobles and kings that owned the peasants and such were much richer, and had more money and riches to build such a castle. They were treated higher and were therefore given more respect. Castles were built by the nobles, lesser clergies, lords and others because they had more resources to build from.

–       Saldias, M.S. 2006, Humanities History, John Wiley, Sons Australia.

Q3. How did castles come about?

Castles came into existence from military units and camps, because people wanted a safer place to live as wars became often. They were used as defence, and were made to keep one safe, as well as having the comfort of being safe at home. It first started in the late 9thcentury and 1000AD, when people found abandoned roman fortresses and over time, built them to look more castle-like: big stone walls, usually on a hill as defence toward attacks, and other things that added to the safety of the nobleman living there.


Q4. What can be found inside a castle?

Inside a castle, many things can be found. In terms of size, lots of things can be placed in a castle too. Things such as weapons, to decorations would be found in a medieval castle.

Here is a brief list of some things you may find:

–       Tapestries

–       Rugs

–       Fireplaces

–       Weaponry

–       Paintings

As you can see, castles would have contained many things that related to art. Rugs would have been hand-made, with beautiful consistent patterns, and tapestries with gorgeous patterns and all this detail. A castle would have had several fireplaces put in specific, smart areas in order to keep the whole castle warm throughout the winters. Weaponry and such would obviously be kept in the castle, because castle invasions were quite popular in that time. Castles would be attacked so the land owners would flee, or die, resulting in the enemy now taking ownership of the land; so castle owners would be very protective of the castle, with lots of weapons.

–       General knowledge

Q5. Who is a part of the residence in the castle?

Those who lived in the castle would probably be the nobles or the lesser clergies, and the lords or bishops. They would take ownership of the land, and anyone who lived there. Peasants that were residence there were under the castle owners hand, and therefore would do work for them in order to live there; such as cattle herding, tending the land, farming, etc. When they finished working, they would go to a barn located somewhere in the village, and deposit one tenth of what they produced.

–         Saldias, M.S. 2006, Humanities History, John Wiley, Sons Australia.