Medieval Justice; By Faith FrenchPosted: November 21, 2012
What is the Magna Carta and who was involved in signing it?
The Magna Carta was a document signed by King John in 1215. This meant that the king would call his lords by name to discuss important matters. A similar thing was done with commoners. In certain communities, ordinary people were elected to discuss events in their area.
What is the common law and what were a few of the trials in it?
The common law is the set of laws and justice set out for the country. Some of the things in it are Trial by Ordeal and Trial by Combat. Trial by Ordeal is made up of two trials, trial by water and trial by fire. Trial by water was when the accused was trapped underwater. If they drowned, they were innocent, whereas, if they survived and floated, they were guilty and put to death. Trial by fire was when one of the accused limbs was held in fire. If the wounds began to heal within three days, they were innocent, if not, they were guilty.
What was the downside to King John signing the Magna Carta?
The downside to signing it was that he lost a lot of his power. Also, the Magna Carta did not apply for ordinary peasants, it only applied for freeman like barons, merchants and knights.
Why was the Magna Carta important?
The Magna Carta was important because it gave everyone a chance to speak their peace. If there was a problem within the community, the people would be able to come together and calmly devise a solution. When it came to the king and his lords, this was important so that the king had some outside influences and could find out if something that may be good for the country, would also be good for the commoners.
This is my diorama. It shows King John Signing the Magna Carta.
Book: Humanities Alive History 1
Author: Maggie Saldais